JavaScript Tutorial

.parents()

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <style>
        .ancestors * { 
          display: block;
          border: 2px solid lightgrey;
          color: lightgrey;
          padding: 5px;
          margin: 15px;
        }
    </style>
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script>
        $(document).ready(function(){
          $("span").parents().css({"color": "red", "border": "2px solid red"});
        });
    </script>
</head>
<body class="ancestors">body (great-great-grandparent)
  <div style="width:500px;">div (great-grandparent)
    <ul>ul (grandparent)  
      <li>li (direct parent)
        <span>span</span>
      </li>
    </ul>   
  </div>
</body>
<!-- The outer red border, before the body element, is the html element (also an ancestor) -->
</html>