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HTML Introduction

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, which is the most widely used language on Web to develop web pages. HTML was created by Berners-Lee in late 1991 but "HTML 2.0" was the first standard HTML specification which was published in 1995. HTML 4.01 was a major version of HTML and it was published in late 1999. Though HTML 4.01 version is widely used but currently we are having HTML-5 version which is an extension to HTML 4.01, and this version was published in 2012.

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML describes the structure of Web pages using markup
  • HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages
  • HTML elements are represented by tags
  • HTML tags label pieces of content such as "heading", "paragraph", "table", and so on
  • Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page

Why we need HTML?

HTML define the structure of documents like headings, paragraphs, lists, and so. It is useful to create web pages with the help of different tags of HTML language.

HTML is a MUST for students and working professionals to become a great Software Engineer specially when they are working in Web Development Domain. 

Create Web site - You can create a website or customize an existing web template if you know about HTML.

Become a web designer - If you want to start a carrer as a professional web designer, HTML and CSS designing is a must skill.

Understand web - If you want to optimize your webiste, to boost its speed and performance, then HTML is best way to do that.

Learn other languages - Once you understands the basic of HTML then other related technologies like javascript, php, or angular are become easier to understand

Here it is Example of Hello World using HTML.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>This is document title</title>
   </head>    
   <body>
      <h1>This is a heading</h1>
      <p>Hello World!</p>
   </body>    
</html>

Applications of HTML

As mentioned before, HTML is one of the most widely used language over the web. I'm going to list few of them here:

Web pages development - HTML is used to create pages which are rendered over the web. Almost every page of web is having html tags in it to render its details in browser.

Internet Navigation - HTML provides tags which are used to navigate from one page to another.

Responsive UI - HTML pages now-a-days works well on all platform, mobile, tabs, desktop or laptops to responsive design strategy.

Game development- HTML5 has native support for rich experience and is now useful in gaming developent arena as well.